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Table 2 Laws and regulations practiced in the SAARC countries to prohibit artificial fruit ripening and food adulteration [40]

From: A review on the legislative aspect of artificial fruit ripening

Country Laws and regulations Aims and actions
Bangladesh Bangladesh Pure Food Ordinance (Amendment) Act 2005 Formation of National Food Safety Advisory Council (NFSAC); prohibit using calcium carbide, formalin, and pesticides in foods
Agricultural products Market Act, 1950 (revised in 1985) and The Bangladesh Standards and Testing Institution Act 1985 To empower Bangladesh Standards and Testing Institution (BSTI) surveillance teams for field test and monitoring
The Plant Quarantine Act 2011 To prevent unapproved import and export of plants
The Mobil Court Act 2009 To empower the magistrates of mobile courts
Bangladesh Consumer Protection Act 2009 To prohibit using any substance in food that is harmful for human health
Formalin Control Act 2014 To control the use of Formalin
The penal code of Bangladesh To penalize any individual selling illegally ripened fruits
India Prevention of Food Adulteration Rules 1955 To prohibit the use of carbide gas for fruit ripening
Food Safety and Standards Act 2006  
Food Safety and Standards Regulations 2011 Prohibiting the selling artificially ripened fruits using carbide gas
Pakistan West Pakistan Pure Food Ordinance, 1960 To address and limit food adulteration
Cantonment Pure Foods Act 1966 To address and limit food adulteration at the Cantonment areas
Nepal The Nepal Food Regulation 2027 To prohibit the use of carbide gas for fruit ripening
Sri Lanka Food Act No 26 of 1980 To prohibit manufacturing, selling, and distributing of any adulterated food