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Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics of sampled households

From: Is bean really a women’s crop? Men and women’s participation in bean production in Uganda

Variable Male headed (N = 542) Female headed (N = 117) Chi-square/t test
Marital status (%)
 Married 98.71 19.66  
 Single 0.18 3.42 464.41***
 Widowed 0.74 64.10  
 Divorced/separated 0.37 12.82  
Level of formal education (%)
 Never 7.56 17.95  
 Primary 60.70 62.39 18.72***
 Lower secondary 19.37 16.24  
 Upper secondary and above 12.36 3.42  
Membership in farmers groups (%) 73.43 87.18 3.17***
Primary occupation farming (%) 85.79 97.44 3.53***
Age (years) 48.10 (13.01) 53.81 (11.20) 4.413***
  1. ***, **, * Significant at 1, 5 and 10%, respectively; in parentheses are standard deviations