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Table 4 Factors affecting gendered participation in bean production activities: Tobit regression (dependent variable = weighted gender participation index)

From: Is bean really a women’s crop? Men and women’s participation in bean production in Uganda

Explanatory variables Women Men
Coefficient (SE) Marginal effects Coefficient (SE) Marginal effects
Probability of participating Intensity of participation Probability of participating Intensity of participation
Farmer/household
 Household size 0.036 (0.023)* 0.007 0.027 0.069 (0.025)*** 0.007 0.058
 Dependency ratio 0.290 (0.193) 0.055 0.214 −0.152 (0.220) −0.015 −0.128
 Agea 0.063 (0.029)** 0.012 0.046 −0.064 (0.020)*** −0.006 −0.054
 Bean consumption 0.017 (0.009)* 0.003 0.013 0.003 (0.011) 0.000 0.002
Farm specific
 Bean plotsa 0.062 (0.094) 0.012 0.046 0.172 (0.108)* 0.017 0.145
 Bean acresa −0.065 (0.048) −0.012 −0.048 0.051 (0.055) 0.005 0.043
 Intercropping 0.083 (0.078) 0.016 0.061 0.146 (0.089)* 0.014 0.122
 Distance to plota −0.109 (0.033)*** −0.021 −0.081 −0.059 (0.038)* −0.006 −0.049
Capital/institutional
 Group membershipb 0.091 (0.078) 0.017 0.068 −0.027 (0.096) −0.003 −0.022
 Crop incomea −0.045 (0.041) −0.009 −0.033 0.030 (0.046) 0.003 0.025
 Farmingb 0.104 (0.157) 0.020 0.077 0.508 (0.126)*** 0.050 0.427
 Distance to market −0.004 (0.002)** −0.001 −0.003 0.003 (0.002) 0.000 0.002
 Education −0.018 (0.006)*** −0.003 −0.013 0.006 (0.004) 0.001 0.005
 Quintile 2 −0.104 (0.083) −0.020 −0.077 −0.022 (0.097) −0.002 −0.018
 Quintile 3 0.064 (0.086) −0.012 −0.047 −0.163 (0.097)* −0.016 −0.137
Bean attributes
 Yieldb 0.095 (0.086) 0.018 0.070 0.103 (0.103) 0.010 0.087
 Colorb −0.245 (0.116)* −0.046 −0.181 −0.366 (0.134)*** −0.036 −0.308
 Tasteb 0.027 (0.074) 0.005 0.020 −0.027 (0.081) −0.003 −0.023
 Marketabilityb 0.238 (0.082)*** 0.045 0.175 0.167 (0.118) 0.016 0.140
 Constant 3.895 (0.625)***    2.756 (0.702)***   
 N 626    500   
 Chi2 (13) 68.81    56.40   
 Prob > Chi2 0.000    0.000   
 Log likelihood −762.695    −623.493   
 Mean VIF 1.18    1.23   
  1. *, **, *** Significance of coefficients at 10, 5 and 1% levels, respectively
  2. aLogarithm
  3. bDummy variable