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Table 4 Feed resource types and estimated quantities of DM, ME and DCP obtained per year per farm household in the mixed crop–livestock system, central highlands of Ethiopia

From: Evaluation of livestock feed balance under mixed crop–livestock production system in the central highlands of Ethiopia

Feed resource types Wealth groups Total (n = 159)
Poor (n = 50) Medium (n = 58) Better-off (n = 51)  
DM (t/hh)
 Crop residues 3.8 (1.2) 5.1 (1.4) 6.6 (1.9) 5.2 (1.9)
  Barley straw 2.3 (0.9) 2.8 (1.3) 3.4 (1.2) 2.8 (1.2)
  Wheat straw 0.7 (0.6) 0.9 (0.5) 1.6 (1.0) 1.1 (0.8)
  Faba bean straw 0.7 (0.4) 1.2 (0.7) 1.5 (1.0) 1.1 (0.8)
  Field pea straw 0.1 (0.2) 0.2 (0.2) 0.2 (0.2) 0.2 (0.2)
 Grazing land 1.1 (0.3) 1.6 (0.5) 2.1 (0.5) 1.6 (0.6)
 Fallow land 0.1 (0.2) 0.1 (0.3) 0.4 (0.4) 0.2 (0.4)
 Crop aftermath 0.6 (0.2) 0.8 (0.2) 0.9 (0.2) 0.8 (0.2)
 Purchased 0.7 (0.5) 1.9 (1.7) 2.5 (2.0) 1.7 (1.7)
ME (‘000 MJ/hh)
 Crop residues 28.4 (9.3) 38.1 (10.8) 48.8 (14) 38.5 (14)
  Barley straw 18.3 (7.4) 22.2 (10.4) 26.7 (9.5) 22.4 (9.8)
  Wheat straw 4.6 (3.8) 5.9 (3.2) 10.3 (6.5) 6.9 (5.2)
  Faba bean straw 4.7 (2.5) 8.7 (4.9) 10.4 (7.1) 8.0 (5.7)
  Field pea straw 0.8 (1.7) 1.2 (1.6) 1.3 (1.5) 1.1 (1.6)
 Grazing land 9.0 (2.6) 12.6 (3.7) 17.2 (4.4) 12.9 (4.9)
 Fallow land 0.7 (1.5) 1.1 (2.6) 3.4 (3.4) 1.7 (2.9)
 Crop aftermath 4.4 (1.2) 5.7 (1.8) 6.5 (1.6) 5.6 (1.7)
 Purchased 5.0 (3.9) 13.6 (12.3) 18.6 (14.8) 12.5 (12.6)
DCP (kg/hh)
 Crop residues 128.8 (42.0) 182.7 (51.2) 230 (70.8) 180.9 (68.7)
  Barley straw 68.3 (27.7) 83.0 (38.8) 100 (35.4) 83.8 (36.6)
  Wheat straw 18.4 (15.1) 23.6 (12.5) 41.0 (25.7) 27.5 (20.7)
  Faba bean straw 35.8 (18.6) 66.1 (37.1) 78.5 (53.7) 60.5 (42.7)
  Field pea straw 6.4 (13.7) 10.1 (12.8) 10.5 (11.9) 9.1 (12.9)
 Grazing land 70.1 (20.4) 98.0 (28.7) 134 (34.2) 100.8 (38.1)
 Fallow land 5.4 (11.5) 8.2 (20.4) 26.5 (26.3) 13.2 (22.2)
 Crop aftermath 11.4 (3.1) 15.0 (4.2) 16.9 (4.0) 14.5 (4.4)
 Purchased 36.4 (28.6) 99.3 (90.2) 136.0 (108.5) 91.3 (92.4)
  1. Values in parentheses indicate standard deviations (SD)
  2. n number of respondents, DM dry matter, ME metabolizable energy, MJ mega joules, DCP digestible crude protein, kg kilogram, t ton, hh household