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Table 1 Qualitative character of sheep

From: Phenotypic characterization of sheep breeds in Gamogofa zone

Trait Class level Ewe Ram Overall χ 2
N (%) N (%) N (%)
Coat color pattern Plain 388 (69.9) 110 (60.8) 498 (67.7) 13.13**
Patchy 96 (17.3) 40 (22.1) 136 (18.5) 2.09
Spotted 71 (12.8) 31 (17.1) 102 (13.9) 2.15
Coat color type White 61 (11) 18 (9.9) 79 (10.7) 0.156
Black 191 (34.4) 59 (32.6) 250 (34) 1.201
Red 101 (18.2) 43 (23.8) 144 (19.6) 0.465
Brown 43 (7.7) 23 (12.7) 66 (9) 4.11*
Gray 15 (2.7) 3 (1.7) 18 (2.4) 0.625
White dominant 33 (5.9) 8 (4.4) 41 (5.6) 2.604
Black dominant 80 (14.4) 7 (3.9) 87 (11.8) 11.228**
Red dominant 17 (3.1) 14 (7.7) 31 (4.2) 12.92
Brown dominant 9 (1.6) 4 (2.2) 13 (1.8) 1.952
Gray dominant 5 (0.9) 2 (1.1) 7 (1.0) 0.605
Hair type Short and smooth 182 (32.8) 52 (28.7) 234 (31.8) 82.81***
Long and coarse 373 (67.2) 129 (71.3) 311 (68.2) 82.81**
Head profile Straight 497 (89.5) 156 (96.2) 653 (88.7) 110.47**
Concave 31 (5.6) 11 (6.1) 42 (5.7) 0.061
Convex 27 (4.9) 14 (7.7) 41 (5.6) 2.310
Tail type Long fat tail 87 (48.1) 87 (11.8)
Long thin tail 555 (100) 94 (51.9) 649 (88.2) 302.5**
Tail form Carved at the tip 16 (2.9) 55 (30.4) 71 (9.6) 118.46*
Straight at the tip 539 (97.1) 126 (69.6) 665 (90.4) 118.46**
Ear form Erect 91 (16.4) 32 (17.7) 123 (16.7) 1.411
Horizontal 264 (47.6) 113 (62.4) 377 (51.2) 12.068**
Semi-pendulous 200 (36) 36 (19.9) 236 (32.1) 16.01**
Horn Present 356 (64.1) 115 (63.5) 471 (64) 0.022
Absent 199 (35.9) 66 (36.5) 265 (36) 0.022
Wattle Present 5 (0.9)   5 (0.7) 1.64
Absent 550 (99.1) 181 (100) 731 (99.3) 2.03
% of total   555 (75.4) 181 (24.4) 736 (100)  
  1. N number of observation
  2. *Significant at P < 0.05; **significant at P < 0.01